Hardtail vs full suspension: How to choose the right type of mountain bike

Hardtail vs Full Suspension mountain bike
Cannondale FSI hardtail and Scalpel full suspension mountain bikes (Image credit: DNA/Cannondale)

With many price points and build options, a hardtail and a full-suspension mountain bike might cost the same. There are a variety of factors as to why a rider would choose one or the other. Ordinarily, hardtails are cheaper than full-suspension bikes, but when you reach parity on price, you can choose between both. The question comes down to both value and riding style. 

By definition, hardtails are lighter than even the best full-suspension mountain bikes. Without a shock and rear-suspension linkage, they weigh less due to greater mechanical simplicity. The cost saving of not having that rear shock and linkage system can be spent on other parts of the best hardtail mountain bike package such as a better fork, lighter wheels, or a more potent drivetrain. In theory, you could buy a much lighter hardtail mountain bike with better components for the same price as a full-suspension bike with similar fork travel.

But will you necessarily enjoy a hardtail? There is no question that even an entry-level full-suspension mountain bike is easier and more forgiving to ride on trails than any hardtail. You can run the largest 29 x 2.6in rear tire, but nothing is going to compensate for that fixed rear triangle on a hardtail compared to the suspension travel of a linkage-driven shock when rolling over rough terrain.

With many different types of mountain bikes on offer, choosing between a hardtail and full-suspension bike can be confusing, so here we break it down for you.

Hardtails are lighter and simpler than full-suspension mountain bikes

Hardtails are lighter and simpler than full-suspension mountain bikes (Image credit: OEMs)

Hardtail mountain bikes

If you are concerned about the future cost of bike maintenance, or live in a geography where muddy rides are the norm, any hardtail is much cheaper to own. Full-suspension bikes require shock services and linkage bearing replacements, which can rapidly add to the cost of ownership if you often ride in boggy conditions.

The hardtail is also more adaptable for riders who use their mountain bike as an all-purpose cycling vehicle. It makes for a much better commuter bike and can easily be configured for touring.

Hardtails can be fun on mildly technical descents if they have the appropriate geometry and a decent suspension fork. If you suffer from any legacy injuries, lower back or knee/ankle issues, the reality is that a hardtail will be tough on your body.

Full-suspension bikes will not only absorb the bigger hits when you land a jump or drop-off incorrectly, saving your ankles and hips from strain, they also mute trail buzz. You’ll know how fatiguing rear-wheel terrain vibration can become after an hour if you have ever ridden on a rutted gravel road.

Full-suspension bikes make easy work of rocky and rooty trails

Full-suspension bikes make easy work of rocky and rooty trails (Image credit: OEMs)

Full-suspension mountain bikes

Mountain bikers carrying some injury tension will always be more comfortable on a full-suspension bike on any terrain. For those riders who are healthier, wish to develop their skills, and explore more demanding trails, the full-suspension mountain bike is a much safer passage to progression.

Going over the bars (OTB) is a nightmare scenario for any rider, and with hardtails, that risk is significantly heightened in steep technical terrain. Once you run out of front fork travel, there is no suspension action in the rear to defuse the balance point momentum of a potential OTB moment. Full-suspension bikes are more forgiving and less likely to buck a rider over the bars.

If you live in an area where most of the trails are smooth and flowing, the difference between a hardtail and a full-suspension bike is marginal. Riders who pedal a fair distance to get to their trailhead could be advised to opt for a hardtail, which has lower maintenance and is more efficient at converting energy to forward momentum.

Rocky and rooty trails can become a bit more of a challenge on any hardtail, however. This is where even a short-travel full-suspension bike gives much better confidence and control. While you will probably develop more ‘correct’ jumping and drop-off techniques learning on smooth skills tracks on a hardtail, for repetitive hits, a full-suspension bike is going to be kinder on your body.

For repetitive hits, a full-suspension bike is going to be kinder on your body.

For repetitive hits, a full-suspension bike is going to be kinder on your body. (Image credit: OEMs)

If you are in great physical condition, ride throughout winter, frequent buffed trails and like to use your mountain bike as a dual-purpose commuter, a hardtail is ideal.

For those riders who live close to a trailhead or don’t mind driving to trail venues, the dual-suspension mountain bike will be comfier and faster on all grades of technical singletrack. This is especially true if you are nursing some age- or injury-induced physical conditions.

If you have a set budget and ride smooth trails in all weather conditions, totaling massive yearly mileages, get a hardtail.

Like the idea of hitting some small drops and rushing rock gardens? The dual-suspension option will be better for you, but you’ll be buying a notably heavier bike for the same money.

Lance Branquinho
Freelance writer

Lance Branquinho is a Namibian-born journalist who graduated to mountain biking after injuries curtailed his trail running. He has a weakness for British steel hardtails, especially those which only run a single gear. As well as Bike Perfect, Lance has written for MBR.com, Off-Road.cc and Cycling News.